SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|6 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2019
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with GAAP and applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. In the opinion of the Company’s management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals and adjustments) necessary to present fairly the financial position, changes in stockholders’ equity, results of operations and cash flows of the Company at the dates and for the periods indicated. The interim results for the quarter ended March 31, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of results for the full 2019 fiscal year or any other future interim periods. As such, the information included in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in the Company’s Form 10- K for the year ended September 30, 2018.
Basis of Consolidation
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the results of the Company, its wholly owned subsidiary, Arcadian, two professional associations, Arcadian Telepsychiatry PA (“Texas PA”) incorporated in Texas, Arcadian Telepsychiatry Florida P.A. (“Florida PA”) incorporated in Florida, and two professional corporations, Arcadian Telepsychiatry P.C. (” Pennsylvania PC”) incorporated in Pennsylvania and Arcadian Telepsychiatry of California, P.C. incorporated in California (“California PC” and together with the Pennsylvania PC, Florida PA and Texas PA, the “Arcadian Entities.”)
Arcadian is party to Management Services Agreements by and among it and the Arcadian Entities, pursuant to which Arcadian provides management and administrative services to each of the Arcadian Entities. Each entity is established pursuant to the requirements of its respective domestic jurisdiction governing the corporate practice of medicine. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated upon consolidation.
We view our operations and manage our business as one operating segment.
Variable Interest Entities (VIE)
On November 13, 2017, Arcadian entered into a management and administrative services agreement with Texas PA and with Pennsylvania PC, for an initial fixed term of 20 years. In accordance with relevant accounting guidance, Texas PA and Pennsylvania PC are each determined to be a Variable Interest Entity (“VIE”) as MYnd is the primary beneficiary with the ability to direct the activities (excluding clinical decisions) that most significantly affect Texas PA’s and Pennsylvania PC’s economic performance through its majority representation of the Texas PA and Pennsylvania PC; therefore, Texas PA and Pennsylvania PC are consolidated by MYnd. On January 19, 2018, Arcadian entered into a management and administrative services agreement with California PC, for an initial fixed term of 20 years. In accordance with relevant accounting guidance, California PC is determined to be a VIE and MYnd is the primary beneficiary with the ability to direct the activities (excluding clinical decisions) that most significantly affect California PC’s economic performance through its majority representation of California PC; therefore, California PC is consolidated by MYnd. On March 27, 2018, Arcadian entered into a management and administrative services agreement with Florida PA, for an initial fixed term of 20 years. In accordance with relevant accounting guidance, Florida PA is determined to be a VIE and MYnd is the primary beneficiary with the ability to direct the activities (excluding clinical decisions) that most significantly affect Florida PA’s economic performance through its majority representation of Florida PA; therefore, Florida PA is consolidated by MYnd.
The Company holds a variable interest in the entities which contract with physicians and other health professionals in order to provide telepsychiatry services to Arcadian. The entities are considered variable interest entities since they do not have sufficient equity to finance their activities without additional financial support. An enterprise having a controlling financial interest in a VIE must consolidate the VIE if it has both power and benefits-that is, it has (1) the power to direct the activities of a VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance (power) and (2) the obligation to absorb losses of the VIE that potentially could be significant to the VIE or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that potentially could be significant to the VIE (benefits). The Company has the power and rights to control all activities of the entities and funds and absorbs all losses of the VIE.
In accordance with management service agreements entered into between the Company and medical professional corporations and associations in compliance with regulatory requirements within certain states, the Company has the power to direct activities of the VIE’s and may transfer the assets from the individual VIEs. Therefore, the Company considers that there are no assets in any of the consolidated VIEs that may be relied upon to settle obligations of these entities. Furthermore, creditors of the VIEs do not have recourse to the general credit of the Company for any of the liabilities of the VIEs. Finally, none of the professional corporations or associations have purchased equipment nor are they responsible for handling cash or accounts receivable.
There is no either explicit or implicit arrangement that requires the Company to provide financial support to the VIE, including events or circumstances that could expose the Company to a loss. For the six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company did not provide, nor does it intend to provide in the future, any financial or other support either explicitly or implicitly during the periods presented to its variable interest entities. In addition, there are no restrictions on the net income earned by the VIEs. The Company allocates all of the net income earned to the primary owner of the VIE. As part of the operating agreement with the VIE, the Company will be reimbursed for all cost incurred related to operating the VIE in addition to a management fee charged for oversight. For the six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, no net income was allocated to the VIEs nor have any dividends been paid from the Company to the VIEs from inception to date, respectively.
In addition, to the extent that the VIE is not a shareholder of the Company, the Company has not paid any dividends to the VIEs from inception to date and there are no dividend obligations within the management services agreement entered into with the medical professional corporations and associations.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expense, and related disclosure of assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, the Company evaluates its estimates, including those related to revenue recognition, allowance for doubtful accounts, useful lives of furniture and equipment, intangible assets, valuation allowance on deferred taxes, valuation of equity instruments, and accrued liabilities. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ materially from these estimates.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all liquid instruments purchased with a maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. The Company deposits its cash with major financial institutions and may at times exceed the federally insured limit of $250,000. At March 31, 2019 cash exceeds the federally insured limit by $1.1 million. The Company believes that the risk of loss is minimal. To date, the Company has not experienced any losses related to cash deposits with financial institutions.
Debt instruments are initially recorded at fair value, with coupon interest and amortization of debt issuance discounts recognized in the statement of operations as interest expense at each period end while such instruments are outstanding.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, Accounting Standards Codification, or ASC, ASC 825-10 Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities defines financial instruments and requires disclosure of the fair value of financial instruments held by the Company. The Company considers the carrying amount of cash, accounts receivable, other receivables, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, to approximate their fair values because of the short period of time between the origination of such instruments and their expected realization.
The Company also analyzes all financial instruments with features of both liabilities and equity under ASC 480-10, ASC 815-10 and ASC 815-40.
The FASB has established a framework for measuring fair value using generally accepted accounting principles. That framework provides a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (level 3 measurements). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are described as follows:
If the asset or liability has a specified (contractual) term, the level 2 input must be observable for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.
The asset or liability’s fair value measurement level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of any input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Valuation techniques used must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.
Accounts Receivable, net
The Company estimates the collectability of customer receivables on an ongoing basis by reviewing past-due invoices and assessing the current creditworthiness of each customer. Allowances are provided for specific receivables deemed to be at risk for collection which as of March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018 were $8,100 and $1,800, respectively.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment, which are recorded at cost, consist of office furniture and equipment which are depreciated, over their estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis. The useful lives of these assets are estimated to be between three and five years. Depreciation expense on furniture and equipment for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was $16,100 and $15,600, respectively. Depreciation expense on furniture and equipment for the six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was 32,300 and 28,000, respectively. Accumulated depreciation at March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018 was $181,500 and 149,200, respectively.
Costs for software developed for internal use are accounted for through the capitalization of those costs incurred in connection with developing or obtaining internal-use software. Capitalized costs for internal-use software are included in intangible assets in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets. Capitalized software development costs are amortized over three years. Costs incurred during the preliminary project along with post-implementation stages of internal use computer software development and costs incurred to maintain existing product offerings are expensed as incurred. The capitalization and ongoing assessment of recoverability of development costs require considerable judgment by management with respect to certain external factors, including, but not limited to, technological and economic feasibility and estimated economic life.
On November 13, 2017, the Company acquired customer relationship and tradename intangibles in connection with the Arcadian acquisition which were recorded at fair value and are being amortized over an estimated useful life of four years on a straight-line basis.
Amortization for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was $14,000 and $13,800, respectively. Amortization for the six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was 28,000 and 24,700, respectively. Accumulated amortization was $122,300 and $94,200 at March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018 respectively.
The expected amortization of the intangible assets, as of March 31, 2019, is as follows:
Goodwill represents the excess of the aggregate purchase price paid over the fair value of the net assets acquired in our business combinations. Goodwill is not amortized and is tested for impairment at least annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. Events or changes in circumstances that could trigger an impairment review include a significant adverse change in business climate, an adverse action or assessment by a regulator, unanticipated competition, a loss of key personnel, significant changes in the manner of our use of the acquired assets or the strategy for our overall business, significant negative industry or economic trends, or significant under performance relative to expected historical or projected future results of operations. The Company has the option to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether the existence of events or circumstances leads to a determination that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value, including goodwill. If, after assessing the totality of events or circumstances, the Company determines that it is not more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, additional impairment testing is not required. The Company tests for goodwill impairment annually on September 30.
The Company performed a qualitative goodwill assessment at September 30, 2018 and concluded there was no impairment based on consideration of a number of factors, including the improvement in the Company’s key operating metrics over the prior year, improvement in the strength of the general economy and the Company’s continued execution against its overall strategic objectives.
Based on the foregoing, the Company determined that it was not more likely than not that the fair value of its reporting unit is less than its carrying amount and therefore that no further impairment testing was required.
During the six months ended March 31, 2019, the Company did not record any Goodwill impairment.
Accrued compensation consists of accrued vacation pay, accrued compensation granted by the Board but not paid, and accrued pay due to staff members.
Accrued compensation – related parties consists of accrued vacation pay, accrued bonuses granted by the Board but not paid for officers and directors.
Deferred revenue represents cash collected in advance of services being rendered but not earned as of March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018. This represents a philanthropic grant for the payment of PEER Reports ordered in a clinical trial for a member of the U.S. Military, a veteran or their family members, the cost of which is not covered by other sources. On August 1, 2017, the Company entered into a Research Study Funding Agreement with Horizon Healthcare Services, Inc. dba Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Jersey and its subsidiaries (collectively “Horizon”) and Cota, Inc. (“Cota”). On February 6, 2018, Horizon prepaid for part of the study in the amount of $125,000 and the Company paid Cota $15,000 out of this payment for its services under the Study.
These deferred revenue grant funds total $152,100 and $159,700 as of March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018, respectively.
Neurometric services - gross service revenue is recorded in the accounting records at the time the services are provided on an accrual basis at the provider’s established rates, regardless of whether the provider expects to collect that amount. The Company reserves a provision for contractual adjustment and discounts that are deducted from gross service revenue. The Company reports revenues net of any sales, use and value added taxes.
Telepsychiatry services - The Company satisfies its performance obligation to stand ready to provide telepsychiatry services which occurs when the Company’s clients have access to the telepsychiatry service. The Company generally bills for the telepsychiatry services on a monthly basis with payment terms generally being 30 days. There are not significant differences between the timing of revenue recognition and billing. Consequently, the Company has determined that client contracts do not include a financing component. Revenue is recognized in an amount that reflects the consideration that is expected in exchange for the service and this may include a variable transaction price as the number of members may vary from the initial billing. Based on historical experience, the Company estimates this amount which is recorded as a component of revenue.
Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“Topic 606”), became effective for the Company on October 1, 2018. The Company’s revenue recognition disclosure reflects its updated accounting policies that are affected by this new standard. The Company applied the “modified retrospective” transition method for open contracts for the implementation of Topic 606. As sales are and have been primarily from providing healthcare services, and the Company has no significant post-delivery obligations, this new standard did not result in a material recognition of revenue on the Company’s accompanying consolidated financial statements for the cumulative impact of applying this new standard. The Company made no adjustments to its previously-reported total revenues, as those periods continue to be presented in accordance with its historical accounting practices under Topic 605, Revenue Recognition.
Revenue from providing neurometric and telepsychiatry services are recognized under Topic 606 in a manner that reasonably reflects the delivery of its services to customers in return for expected consideration and includes the following elements:
Research and Development Expenses
The Company charges research and development expenses to operations as incurred.
The Company charges all advertising expenses to operations as incurred. For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 advertising expenses were $4,800 and $97,500, respectively. For the six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 advertising expenses were $4,800 and $248,500, respectively
The Company accounts for employee stock options in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation-Stock Compensation. For stock options issued to employees and directors we use the Black-Scholes option valuation model for estimating fair value at the date of grant. For stock options issued for services rendered by non-employees, we recognize compensation expense in accordance with the requirements of ASC 505-50, Equity, as amended. Non-employee option grants that do not vest immediately upon grant are recorded as an expense over the vesting period. At the end of each financial reporting period prior to performance, the value of these options, as calculated using the Black-Scholes option valuation model, is determined, and compensation expense recognized or recovered during the period is adjusted accordingly. Since the fair value of options granted to non-employees is subject to change in the future, the amount of the future compensation expense is subject to adjustment until the common stock options or warrants are fully vested.
From time to time, the Company has issued warrants to purchase shares of common stock. These warrants have been issued in connection with the Company’s financing transactions. The Company’s warrants are subject to standard anti-dilution provisions applicable to shares of our common stock. The Company estimates the fair value of warrants using the Black-Scholes option valuation model with the following inputs: market prices of the stock, time to maturity, volatility, zero expected dividend rate and risk free rate all at the date of the warrant issuance.
The Company accounts for income taxes under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which the temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. Valuation allowances are recorded, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.
On December 22, 2017, new legislation was adopted that significantly revises the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Code. The newly enacted federal income tax law, among other things, contains significant changes to corporate taxation, including reduction of the corporate tax rate from a top marginal rate of 35 percent to a flat rate of 21 percent, limitation of the tax deduction for interest expense to 30 percent of adjusted earnings (except for certain small businesses), limitation of the deduction for net operating losses to 80 percent of current-year taxable income and elimination of net operating loss carrybacks, one time taxation of offshore earnings at reduced rates regardless of whether they are repatriated, immediate deductions for certain new investments instead of deductions for depreciation expense over time, and modifying or repealing many business deductions and credits.
As a result of the implementation of certain provisions of FASB ASC 740, Income Taxes, which clarifies the accounting and disclosure for uncertainty in tax positions, the Company has analyzed filing positions in each of the federal and state jurisdictions where required to file income tax returns, as well as all open tax years in these jurisdictions. We have identified U.S. Federal and California as our major tax jurisdictions. Generally, the Company remains subject to Internal Revenue Service examination of our 2014 through 2016 U.S. federal income tax returns, and remain subject to California Franchise Tax Board examination of our 2013 through 2016 California Franchise Tax Returns. The Company has certain tax attribute carryforwards which will remain subject to review and adjustment by the relevant tax authorities until the statute of limitations closes with respect to the year in which such attributes are utilized.
The Company believes that its income tax filing positions and deductions will be sustained on audit and do not anticipate any adjustments that will result in a material change to its financial position. Therefore, no reserves for uncertain income tax positions have been recorded pursuant to ASC 740. Our policy for recording interest and penalties associated with income-based tax audits is to record such items as a component of income taxes.
Deferred taxes have been recorded on a net basis in the accompanying balance sheet. The Act reduces the U.S. statutory tax rate from 35% to 21%, effective January 1, 2018. As of September 30, 2018, the Company had gross Federal net operating loss carryforwards of approximately $60.2 million and State gross net operating loss carryforwards of approximately $33.8 million. Both the Federal and State net operating loss carryforwards will begin to expire in 2022 and 2023 respectively. The Company's ability to utilize net operating loss carryforwards may be limited in the event that a change in ownership, as defined in the Internal Revenue Code, occurs in the future.
The Company has placed a valuation allowance against the deferred tax assets in excess of deferred tax liabilities due to the uncertainty surrounding the realization of such excess tax assets. Management periodically evaluates the recoverability of the deferred tax assets and the level of the valuation allowance. At such time as it is determined that it is more likely than not that the deferred tax assets are realizable, the valuation allowance will be reduced accordingly.
The Company consolidates entities in which the Company has a controlling financial interest. The Company consolidates subsidiaries in which the Company holds, directly or indirectly, more than 50% of the voting rights, and VIEs for which the Company is the primary beneficiary. Noncontrolling interests represent third-party equity ownership interests in the Company’s consolidated entities. The amount of net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was $451,100 and $72,300, respectively. The amount of net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests for the six months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was $778,000 and $72,300, respectively.
Earnings (Loss) per Share
Basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share is presented in conformity with the two-class method. Under the two-class method, basic net loss per share is computed by dividing income (loss) available to common stockholders by the weighted average common shares outstanding during the period. Net loss per share is calculated as the net loss less the current period preferred stock dividends. Diluted earnings (loss) per share takes into account the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue Common Stock were exercised and converted into Common Stock.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Apart from the below-mentioned recent accounting pronouncements, there are no new accounting pronouncements that are currently applicable to the Company.
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting (Topic 718). The amendments in this Update expand the scope of Topic 718 to include share based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. An entity should apply the requirements of Topic 718 to nonemployee awards except for specific guidance on inputs to an option pricing model and the attribution of cost (that is, the period of time over which share-based payment awards vest and the pattern of cost recognition over that period). The amendments specify that Topic 718 applies to all share-based payment transactions in which a grantor acquires goods or services to be used or consumed in a grantor’s own operations by issuing share-based payment awards. The amendments also clarify that Topic 718 does not apply to share-based payments used to effectively provide (1) financing to the issuer or (2) awards granted in conjunction with selling goods or services to customers as part of a contract accounted for under Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The amendments in this Update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that fiscal year. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adoption of this standard to its financial statements.
ASU 2016-15, “Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230) Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Payments” was issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) in August 2016. The purpose of this amendment is to address eight specific cash flow issues with the objective of reducing the existing diversity in practice. The amendments in this Update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years, and for interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted ASU 2016-15 during our first quarter of fiscal year 2019, which had no impact on our consolidated financial statements, and will apply the new guidance in future periods.
ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)” was issued by the FASB in February 2016. The guidance requires lessees to recognize the assets and liabilities that arise from leases on the balance sheet. ASU 2016-02 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those annual periods, and should be applied using a modified retrospective approach. The guidance is effective for the Company on October 1, 2019. The Company will elect the prospective transition method with the effects of adoption recognized as a cumulative effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the Company's fiscal 2020 financial statements, with no restatement of comparative periods. The Company will also elect the package of three practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance within the new standard, which among other things, allows the Company to carryforward the historical lease classification. The Company is currently assessing the impact of adopting this guidance on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures. The Company expects to record right of use assets and lease liabilities, which may be material, on its consolidated balance sheet upon adoption of this standard and is still assessing the impact to its results of operations and cash flows.
Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“Topic 606”), became effective for the Company on October 1, 2018. The Company’s revenue recognition disclosure reflects its updated accounting policies that are affected by this new standard. The Company applied the “modified retrospective” transition method for open contracts for the implementation of Topic 606. As sales are and have been primarily from providing healthcare services, and the Company has no significant post-delivery obligations, this new standard this new standard did not result in a change to revenue recognition on the Company’s accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements for the cumulative impact of applying this new standard. The Company made no adjustments to its previously-reported total revenues, as those periods continue to be presented in accordance with its historical accounting practices under Topic 605, Revenue Recognition.
The entire disclosure for the basis of presentation and significant accounting policies concepts. Basis of presentation describes the underlying basis used to prepare the financial statements (for example, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Other Comprehensive Basis of Accounting, IFRS). Accounting policies describe all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef