SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|12 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2018
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and are in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
Basis of Consolidation
The audited consolidated financial statements include the results of MYnd, its wholly owned subsidiary, Arcadian Telepsychiatry Services LLC ("Arcadian Services"), two professional associations, Arcadian Telepsychiatry PA (“Texas PA”) which is incorporated in Texas and Arcadian Telepsychiatry Florida P.A. (“Florida PA”) which is incorporated in Florida, and two professional corporations, Arcadian Telepsychiatry P.C. (“ Pennsylvania PC”) which is incorporated in Pennsylvania and Arcadian Telepsychiatry of California, P.C. (“California PC”) which is incorporated in California collectively “the Arcadian Entities.”
Arcadian Services is party to Management Services Agreements by and among it and the Arcadian Entities pursuant to which each entity provides services to Arcadian Services. Each entity is established pursuant to the requirements of its respective domestic jurisdiction governing the corporate practice of medicine. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated upon consolidation.
We view our operations and manage our business as one operating segment.
Variable Interest Entities (VIE)
On November 13, 2017, Arcadian Services entered into a management and administrative services agreement with Texas PA and with Pennsylvania PC, for an initial fixed term of 20 years. In accordance with relevant accounting guidance, Texas PA and Pennsylvania PC are determined to be a Variable Interest Entity (“VIE”) as MYnd is the primary beneficiary with the ability to direct the activities (excluding clinical decisions) that most significantly affect Texas PA’s and Pennsylvania PC’s economic performance through its majority representation of the Texas PA and Pennsylvania PC; therefore, Texas PA and Pennsylvania PC are consolidated by MYnd. On January 19, 2018, Arcadian Services entered into a management and administrative services agreement with California PC, for an initial fixed term of 20 years. In accordance with relevant accounting guidance, California PC is determined to be a VIE and MYnd is the primary beneficiary with the ability to direct the activities (excluding clinical decisions) that most significantly affect California PC’s economic performance through its majority representation of California PC; therefore, California PC is consolidated by MYnd. On March 27, 2018, Arcadian Services entered into a management and administrative services agreement with Florida PA, for an initial fixed term of 20 years. In accordance with relevant accounting guidance, Florida PA is determined to be a VIE and MYnd is the primary beneficiary with the ability to direct the activities (excluding clinical decisions) that most significantly affect Florida PA’s economic performance through its majority representation of Florida PA; therefore, Florida PA is consolidated by MYnd.
The Company holds a variable interest in the entities which contract with physicians and other health professionals in order to provide telepsychiatry services to Arcadian Services. The entities are considered variable interest entities since they do not have sufficient equity to finance their activities without additional financial support. An enterprise having a controlling financial interest in a VIE must consolidate the VIE if it has both power and benefits, that is, it has (1) the power to direct the activities of a VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance (power) and (2) the obligation to absorb losses of the VIE that potentially could be significant to the VIE or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that potentially could be significant to the VIE (benefits). The Company has the power and rights to control all activities of the entities and funds and absorbs all losses of the VIE.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expense, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, the Company evaluates its estimates, including those related to revenue recognition, doubtful accounts, intangible assets, income taxes, valuation of equity instruments, accrued liabilities, contingencies and litigation. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ materially from these estimates.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all liquid instruments purchased with a maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. The Company deposits its cash with major financial institutions and may at times exceed the federally insured limit of $250,000. At September 30, 2018 cash exceeds the federally insured limit by $3.0 million. The Company believes that the risk of loss is minimal. To date, the Company has not experienced any losses related to cash deposits with financial institutions.
Debt instruments are initially recorded at fair value, with coupon interest and amortization of debt issuance discounts recognized in the statement of operations as interest expense at each period end while such instruments are outstanding.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, Accounting Standards Codification, or ASC, ASC 825-10 - Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities defines financial instruments and requires disclosure of the fair value of financial instruments held by the Company. The Company considers the carrying amount of cash, accounts receivable, other receivables, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, to approximate their fair values because of the short period of time between the origination of such instruments and their expected realization.
The Company also analyzes all financial instruments with features of both liabilities and equity under ASC 480-10, ASC 815-10 and ASC 815-40.
The FASB has established a framework for measuring fair value using generally accepted accounting principles. That framework provides a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (level 3 measurements). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are described as follows:
If the asset or liability has a specified (contractual) term, the level 2 input must be observable for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.
The asset or liability’s fair value measurement level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of any input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Valuation techniques used must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.
The Company estimates the collectability of customer receivables on an ongoing basis by reviewing past-due invoices and assessing the current creditworthiness of each customer. Allowances are provided for specific receivables deemed to be at risk for collection which as of September 30, 2018 and 2017 are $1,800 and $1,000 respectively.
Property and Equipment
Property and Equipment, which are recorded at cost, consist of office furniture and equipment, which are depreciated, over their estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis. The useful lives of these assets is estimated to be between three and five years. Depreciation expense on furniture and equipment for the twelve months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $60,300 and $19,700 respectively. Accumulated depreciation at September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $149,200 and $84,200, respectively.
As required by ASC 350-30 - Intangibles — Goodwill and other, the Company reviews the carrying value of its long-lived assets at least annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the historical cost-carrying value of an asset may no longer be recoverable. The Company assesses recoverability of the carrying value of the asset by estimating the future undiscounted net cash flows expected to result from the asset, including eventual disposition. If the future net cash flows are less than the carrying value of the asset, an impairment loss is recorded equal to the difference between the asset’s carrying value and fair value. No impairment loss was recorded for the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.
Costs for software developed for internal use are accounted for through the capitalization of those costs incurred in connection with developing or obtaining internal-use software. Capitalized costs for internal-use software are included in intangible assets in the consolidated balance sheet. Capitalized software development costs are amortized over three years. Costs incurred during the preliminary project along with post-implementation stages of internal use computer software development and costs incurred to maintain existing product offerings are expensed as incurred. The capitalization and ongoing assessment of recoverability of development costs require considerable judgment by management with respect to certain external factors, including, but not limited to, technological and economic feasibility and estimated economic life.
At September 30, 2018, the Company had $101,700 in capitalized software development costs. Amortization for the twelve months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $29,000 and $29,000, respectively. Accumulated amortization was $70,400 and $39,300 at September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
On November 13, 2017, the Company acquired customer relationships and tradename intangibles in connection with the Arcadian Services acquisition of which $109,000 were recorded at fair value and are being amortized over an estimated useful life of four years on a straight-line basis. Amortization for the twelve months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $23,800 and none, respectively. Accumulated amortization was $23,800 and $0 at September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
The expected amortization of the intangible assets, as of September 30, 2018, for each of the next four years is as follows:
Goodwill represents the excess of the aggregate purchase price paid over the fair value of the net assets acquired in our business combinations. Goodwill is not amortized and is tested for impairment at least annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. Events or changes in circumstances that could trigger an impairment review include a significant adverse change in business climate, an adverse action or assessment by a regulator, unanticipated competition, a loss of key personnel, significant changes in the manner of our use of the acquired assets or the strategy for our overall business, significant negative industry or economic trends, or significant underperformance relative to expected historical or projected future results of operations. The Company has the option to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether the existence of events or circumstances leads to a determination that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value, including goodwill. If, after assessing the totality of events or circumstances, the Company determines that it is not more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, additional impairment testing is not required. The Company tests for goodwill impairment annually on September 30.
The Company performed a qualitative goodwill assessment at September 30, 2018 and concluded there was no impairment based on consideration of a number of factors, including the improvement in the Company’s key operating metrics over the prior year, improvement in the strength of the general economy and the Company’s continued execution against its overall strategic objectives.
Based on the foregoing, the Company determined that it was not more likely than not that the fair value of its reporting unit is less than its carrying amount and therefore that no further impairment testing was required.
Accrued compensation consists of accrued vacation pay, accrued compensation granted by the Board but not paid, and accrued pay due to staff members.
Accrued compensation – related parties consists of accrued vacation pay, accrued bonuses granted by the Board but not paid for officers and directors.
Deferred revenue represents cash collected in advance of services being rendered but not earned as of September 30, 2018 and 2017. This represents a philanthropic grant for the payment of PEER Reports ordered in a clinical trial for a member of the U.S. Military, a veteran or their family members, the cost of which is not covered by other sources. On August 1, 2017, the Company entered into a Research Study Funding Agreement with Horizon Healthcare Services, Inc. dba Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Jersey and its subsidiaries (collectively "Horizon") and Cota, Inc. ("Cota"). On February 6, 2018, Horizon prepaid for part of the study, $125,000 and the Company paid Cota $15,000 out of this payment for its services under the Study. These deferred revenue grant funds total $159,700 and $45,900 as of September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
The Company derives substantially all of its revenue from neurometric and telepsychiatry services. The Company recognizes revenues in accordance with ASC 605, and accordingly revenue is recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the fee is fixed or determinable, collectability is reasonably assured and acceptance criteria, if any, have been met. If any of these criteria are not met, revenue recognition is deferred until such time that all of the criteria are met. The Company’s neurometric and telepsychiatry services are recognized in the month the services are delivered by the physician.
The Company charges research and development expenses to operations as incurred.
The Company charges all advertising expenses to operations as incurred. For the year ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 advertising expenses were $248,600 and $152,000, respectively.
The Company accounts for awards to employees in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation-Stock Compensation. For stock options issued to employees and directors we use the Black-Scholes option valuation model for estimating fair value at the date of grant. For stock options issued for services rendered by non-employees, we recognize compensation expense in accordance with the requirements of ASC 505-50, Equity, or ASC 505-50, as amended. Non-employee option grants that do not vest immediately upon grant are recorded as an expense over the vesting period. At the end of each financial reporting period prior to performance, the value of these options, as calculated using the Black-Scholes option valuation model, is determined, and compensation expense recognized or recovered during the period is adjusted accordingly. Since the fair value of options granted to non-employees is subject to change in the future, the amount of the future compensation expense is subject to adjustment until the common stock options or warrants are fully vested.
From time to time, the Company has issued warrants to purchase shares of common stock. These warrants have been issued in connection with the Company’s financing transactions. The Company’s warrants are subject to standard anti-dilution provisions applicable to shares of our common stock. The Company estimates the fair value of warrants using the Black-Scholes option valuation model with the following assumptions: market prices of the stock, time to maturity, volatility, zero expected dividend rate and risk free rate all at the date of the warrant issuance.
The Company accounts for income taxes under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which the temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. Valuation allowances are recorded, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.
On December 22, 2017, President Trump signed into law new legislation that significantly revises the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Code. The newly enacted federal income tax law, among other things, contains significant changes to corporate taxation, including reduction of the corporate tax rate from a top marginal rate of 35 percent to a flat rate of 21 percent, limitation of the tax deduction for interest expense to 30 percent of adjusted earnings (except for certain small businesses), limitation of the deduction for net operating losses to 80 percent of current-year taxable income and elimination of net operating loss carrybacks, one time taxation of offshore earnings at reduced rates regardless of whether they are repatriated, immediate deductions for certain new investments instead of deductions for depreciation expense over time, and modifying or repealing many business deductions and credits.
As a result of the implementation of certain provisions of FASB ASC 740, Income Taxes, which clarifies the accounting and disclosure for uncertainty in tax positions, the Company has analyzed filing positions in each of the federal and state jurisdictions where required to file income tax returns, as well as all open tax years in these jurisdictions. We have identified U.S. Federal and California as our major tax jurisdictions. Generally, we remain subject to Internal Revenue Service examination of our 2013 through 2016 U.S. federal income tax returns, and remain subject to California Franchise Tax Board examination of our 2012 through 2016 California Franchise Tax Returns. We have certain tax attribute carryforwards which will remain subject to review and adjustment by the relevant tax authorities until the statute of limitations closes with respect to the year in which such attributes are utilized.
We believe that our income tax filing positions and deductions will be sustained on audit and do not anticipate any adjustments that will result in a material change to our financial position. Therefore, no reserves for uncertain income tax positions have been recorded pursuant to ASC 740. Our policy for recording interest and penalties associated with income-based tax audits is to record such items as a component of income taxes.
The Company consolidates entities in which the Company has a controlling financial interest. The Company consolidates subsidiaries in which the Company holds, directly or indirectly, more than 50% of the voting rights, and VIEs for which the Company is the primary beneficiary. Noncontrolling interests represent third-party equity ownership interests in the Company’s consolidated entities. The amount of net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests for the year ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $734,400 and $0, respectively.
Earnings (Loss) per Share
Basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share is presented in conformity with the two-class method. Under the two-class method, basic net loss per share is computed by dividing income (loss) available to common stockholders by the weighted average common shares outstanding during the period. Net loss per share is calculated as the net loss less the current period preferred stock dividends. Diluted earnings (loss) per share takes into account the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue Common Stock were exercised and converted into Common Stock.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Apart from the below-mentioned recent accounting pronouncements, there are no new accounting pronouncements that are currently applicable to the Company.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, as amended, which requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers, or the new revenue standard. The new revenue standard also includes Subtopic 340-40, Other Assets and Deferred Costs - Contracts with Customers, which discusses the deferral of incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer. The new revenue standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017. The standard permits the use of either a full retrospective or modified retrospective transition method.
The Company will adopt the new revenue standard as of October 1, 2018, using the modified retrospective transition method applied to those contracts which were not completed as of that date. Upon adoption, we will recognize the cumulative effect of adopting this guidance as an adjustment to our opening balance of accumulated deficit. Prior periods will not be retrospectively adjusted.
We do not expect the new revenue standard to have a material impact on our revenue upon adoption. Also, we do not expect the new standard to have a material impact as it relates to the deferral of incremental costs of obtaining contracts. The Company is in the process of implementing the necessary changes to its accounting policies, processes, internal controls and information systems that will be required to meet the new revenue standard’s reporting and disclosure requirements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). This ASU requires that a lessee recognize lease assets and lease liabilities for those leases classified as operating leases. The guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adoption of this standard to its financial statements.
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting. This ASU simplifies several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions, including the income tax consequences, accounting for forfeitures, and classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. The guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, with early adoption permitted. The guidance will be applied prospectively, retrospectively, or by means of a cumulative-effect adjustment to equity as of the beginning of the period in which the guidance is adopted, dependent upon the specific amendment that is adopted within the ASU. The adoption of this new guidance did not have a material effect on the consolidated results of operations, cash flows, and financial position. The Company adopted the guidance on October 1, 2017 and chose to prospectively apply the guidance in its financial statements.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business. This guidance narrows the definition of a business. This standard provides guidance to assist entities with evaluating when a set of transferred assets and activities is a business. This guidance is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and early adoption is permitted. This guidance must be applied prospectively to transactions occurring within the period of adoption. The Company adopted ASU 2017-01 on October 1, 2017, and prospectively applied ASU 2017-01 as required with no impact on its consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. This guidance eliminates Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test, instead requiring an entity to recognize a goodwill impairment charge for the amount by which the goodwill carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value. This guidance is effective for interim and annual goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and early adoption is permitted. This guidance must be applied on a prospective basis. The Company adopted ASU 2017-04 in the first quarter of 2018, and prospectively applied ASU 2017-04 as required with no impact on its consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-9, “Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting,” to provide clarity and reduce both diversity in practice and cost complexity when applying the guidance in Topic 718 to a change to the terms and conditions of a stock-based payment award. ASU 2017-9 also provides guidance about the types of changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award that require an entity to apply modification accounting in accordance with Topic 718. For all entities, including emerging growth companies, the standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and for interim periods therein. Early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted the guidance on October 1, 2017 and there was no impact on the financial statements.
In July 2017, the FASB issued a two-part ASU 2017-11, I. Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments With Down Round Features and II. Replacement of the Indefinite Deferral for Mandatorily Redeemable Financial Instruments of Certain Nonpublic Entities and Certain Mandatorily Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests with a Scope Exception (“ASU 2017-11”). ASU 2017-11 amends guidance in FASB ASC 260, Earnings Per Share, FASB ASC 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity, and FASB ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging. The amendments in Part I of ASU 2017-11 change the classification analysis of certain equity-linked financial instruments (or embedded features) with down round features. The amendments in Part II of ASU 2017-11 re-characterize the indefinite deferral of certain provisions of Topic 480 that now are presented as pending content in the Codification, to a scope exception. Those amendments do not have an accounting effect. ASU 2017-11 is effective for public business entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted ASU 2017-11 ended October 1, 2017, and retrospectively applied ASU 2017-11 as required with no impact on its consolidated financial position or results of operations.
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting (Topic 718). The amendments in this Update expand the scope of Topic 718 to include share based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. An entity should apply the requirements of Topic 718 to nonemployee awards except for specific guidance on inputs to an option pricing model and the attribution of cost (that is, the period of time over which share-based payment awards vest and the pattern of cost recognition over that period). The amendments specify that Topic 718 applies to all share-based payment transactions in which a grantor acquires goods or services to be used or consumed in a grantor’s own operations by issuing share-based payment awards. The amendments also clarify that Topic 718 does not apply to share-based payments used to effectively provide (1) financing to the issuer or (2) awards granted in conjunction with selling goods or services to customers as part of a contract accounted for under Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The amendments in this Update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that fiscal year. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adoption of this standard to its financial statements.
The entire disclosure for the basis of presentation and significant accounting policies concepts. Basis of presentation describes the underlying basis used to prepare the financial statements (for example, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Other Comprehensive Basis of Accounting, IFRS). Accounting policies describe all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef